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    如何鑒別梧州六堡茶是否為真實年份茶

    發布時間: 2015-09-07 09:52    來源: 搜狐網      瀏覽記錄:

    搜狐網訊(黑茶小意)黑茶(完全發酵)一般是存放的時間越長(當然有些專家建議在一定的最長保存時間內),口感越好,由于稀缺性,市場價格也相對越高,有些茶商為了獲取更大利益,往往通過“做舊”方法,欺騙顧客,那么如何鑒別不同年份的六堡茶呢?

     

    梧州六堡茶

    梧州六堡茶

     

    一、從外包裝分辨生產的年份

     

    這種做法是最為常見,也最易于做偽。很多做舊的茶就是通過做舊外包裝或者仿冒以前的老包裝來欺騙消費者的。

     

    梧州幾個六堡茶生產廠家的六堡茶生產經過幾十年,其外包裝也歷經了數十年的發展變化,一些很有時代特色的包裝可以作為判斷六堡茶年份的參考。比如如黑盒六堡茶最早期曾經有過寫作“六保茶”的包裝,但茶友們應該知道,這個“舊”的外包裝并不說明里面的六堡茶就一定是“舊”的茶。

     

     

    二、看干茶,掂輕重和“泡度”

     

    拿一些不同年份的六堡茶比較一下,5~6年和十年左右的六堡茶,會感覺到隨著時間的長短,會變得松、散,變“輕”,手上感覺明顯輕于較新的茶。由于長期存放其自然陳化發酵,導致老茶會越擺越“泡”,干茶外觀會有一層很自然的灰“霜”(注:濕倉存放也會有一層白霜,但濕倉做舊的茶會發黑,面上霜較“死”,沒有活性。市面上可看到的所謂普洱“老磚”茶面一層白的痕跡可以借鑒。)干茶顏色會偏褐紅,甚至棕色,干茶外觀應該干凈、無霉變的痕跡。

     

     

    三、聞干茶的氣味

     

    一般有“哈氣之后聞干茶”的做法,但這種做法很不衛生,建議不使用。而且,這樣哈氣后聞到那股“陳味”,很多時候容易被故意做偽,不太準確。相反,真正這樣聞干茶都有所謂“陳味”的茶,就越要多加小心。甚至一些聞著有明顯刺鼻的“陳味”的茶正是“做舊”的效果,更應該引起警惕,不喝為好。

     

     

    四、看茶湯顏色

     

    一般而言,六堡茶由于原料和工藝原因,某些新茶有時較渾濁,或者新茶一兩年都比較渾。但隨著時間的推移,會變得澄亮明凈,越老的湯色越紅越透亮。越體現出六堡茶的“紅”、“濃”特色。如果是后期儲存濕度過大,或受潮或淋水,或者是做陳做舊,會使得湯色晦暗、發啞,甚至渾濁,一般茶友稱之為“醬油湯”,碰到這樣的“陳茶”,就要加倍小心了。

     

     

    五、茶湯的陳味

     

    這個茶湯的“陳味”是很容易做假的,而且某些不良茶商更喜歡以此“指鹿為馬”,將“坑”味說成“陳味”,很多接觸陳茶不多的茶友往往會受到誤導,更以為陳年的六堡茶就是“坑”的。而做舊的陳茶,除了一股“坑”味外,往往就沒有陳茶哪種醇厚和順和的口感,而且,往往喝了之后,喉頭會感覺有點緊,有點不舒服的感覺,茶友們稱之為“鎖喉”,這也是辨別假陳茶的一個手段。

     

     

    六、看茶底的活性

     

    做舊的六堡茶,常用的手法是人為加大濕度加速六堡茶的后發酵,以達到“陳”的效果。但這樣的高濕度“陳化”后,無可避免地茶葉本身的纖維也會隨之發生變化,茶底顏色會變死變黑,沒有彈性,有些葉底會發粘、稀爛如泥。這種“陳茶”就需要格外小心了。一款存儲良好的陳年六堡茶的茶底絕對不會是霉爛發黑的。

     

    只有綜合了多方面的感觀,我們才可以分析一款茶是否真正的老茶,但在計劃經濟的年代,會有多少老茶留傳下來呢?我們大家都可以心里自己做個估算。因此說,能喝得到真正陳年的六堡茶,更需要一份“茶緣”。

     

     

    六堡茶分為特級、一級、二級、三級,四級、五級比較少,特級茶質最好,通常以廠家劃分的為最好。

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