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    如何鑒定春茶(龍井茶)的品質(是否新茶)

    發布時間: 2015-03-21 20:45    來源: 喝茶有道      瀏覽記錄:

    春茶的出產時間以清明前后為佳,在新的一年里,馬上又要轉讓新茶的生產周期,為了讓消費者更好的去辨別春茶的品質評定,有道君特為大家做春茶的品質特征的兩個方面去描述。

     

    (1)干看

     

    主要從干茶的色、香、形三個因子上加以判斷。凡綠茶色澤綠潤,紅茶色澤烏潤,茶葉肥壯重實,或有較多白毫,且紅茶、綠茶條索緊結,珠茶顆粒圓緊,而且香氣馥郁,是春茶的品質特征。

     

    去年和今年剛出的龍井茶對比去年和今年剛出的龍井茶對比
     

    凡綠茶色澤灰暗,紅茶色澤紅潤,茶葉輕飄松寬,嫩梗寬長,且紅茶、綠茶條茶條索松散,珠茶顆粒松泡,香氣稍帶粗老,是夏茶的品質特征。

     

    凡綠茶色澤黃綠,紅茶色澤暗紅,茶葉大不不一,葉張輕薄瘦小,香氣較為平和,是秋茶的標志。

     

     

    (2)濕看

     

    就是對茶葉進行開湯審評,作為進一步判斷。凡茶葉沖泡后下沉快,香氣濃烈持久,滋味醇;綠茶湯色綠中顯黃,紅茶湯色艷現金圈;茶葉葉底柔軟厚實,正常芽葉多者,為春茶。

     

    凡茶葉沖泡后,下沉較慢,香氣稍低;綠茶滋味欠厚稍澀,湯色青綠,葉底中夾雜銅綠色芽葉;紅茶滋味較強欠爽,湯色紅暗,葉底較紅亮;茶葉葉底薄而較硬,對夾葉較多者,為夏茶。

     

    今年的龍井茶今年的龍井茶
     

    凡茶葉沖泡后香氣不高,滋味平淡,葉底夾有銅綠色芽葉,葉張大小不一,對夾葉多者,為秋茶。

     

    春茶屬于新茶,就是當年春季從茶樹上采摘的頭幾批鮮葉加工而成的茶葉。

     

     

    據有關人士介紹,從營養角度講,新茶中的咖啡因、活性生物堿以及多種芳香物含量較高,易使人的神經系統興奮,對神經衰弱、心腦血管疾病患者有不良影響。另外,新茶中不經氧化的多酚類物質和醛類物質含量較多,對胃腸黏膜有強烈的刺激作用,胃腸功能差的人,特別是慢性胃腸道炎癥患者,喝新茶易引起胃痛、脹滿、便秘、口干等癥狀。

     

    因此,春茶買回來后最好放置一段時間,等茶中的多酚類物質自動氧化,對胃腸的刺激降低以后再喝,而且選購春茶時不要買太潮的,否則,茶葉不易保存,很容易發霉,特別是綠茶更應遵守這個原則,因為其本身是不發酵或者輕發酵的茶葉,而安溪鐵觀音作為烏龍茶中的極品,其屬于半發酵的茶葉,在新茶飲用的時候會好于綠茶。

     

    從習慣來講,有些人愛喝綠茶,有些人愛喝紅茶,還有一些人愛喝黑茶、花茶、烏龍茶等。而且,還有明顯的地域性,可能和當地的氣候條件、人文條件有關,沒法說誰好誰壞。

     

    從營養健康角度來講,黑茶、紅茶比較適合于身體較虛弱的人,如果在其中加些糖,效果會更好;青年人以綠茶為好;花茶有疏肝解郁、理氣調經的功效;茯茶減肥最佳;綠茶的解毒效果更佳,對體內毒素較多的人有好處。 不同的茶葉含有的營養物質不同,消費者可以根據自己的喜好及身體特征來選擇茶葉。

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