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    為何云南普洱茶多以357g作為茶餅制作標準

    發布時間: 2015-08-19 14:51    來源: 一道茶網      瀏覽記錄:

    一道茶網訊  喝過普洱茶的茶友都知道,普洱茶有各種形狀和規格,但是最常見的或者說標準的普洱茶都是357g的圓茶。相信很多人和小編一樣,很好奇為什么普洱圓茶的規格不是一個整數,而是奇奇怪怪的357g。如果你還沒有找到答案,不妨來看看小編的總結。

     

    普洱七子餅

    普洱七子餅

     

    普洱圓茶也叫普洱七子餅,是將茶葉壓成圓餅后,每7圓包裝為1筒,故得名"七子餅茶"。公元1729年(雍正七年)清政府正式設立普洱府,并在普洱縣專設貢茶茶廠,普洱茶于1732年正式列入《貢冊案》,從此名揚天下。普洱茶直至清末才罷貢,其間還得了乾隆皇帝"圓如三秋皓月,香于九畹之蘭"的美譽。

     

    普洱圓茶在清代成了主流,政府為了減少度量衡方面的糾紛,制定了強制性的標準化措施,目的是便于統計,便于征稅,便于交易。當時的普洱茶一餅是7兩,還不是現在的357g。

     

    古代普洱茶規格

    古代普洱茶規格

     

    《大清會典事例》載:“雍正十三年(公元1735年)提準,云南商販茶,系每七圓為一筒,重四十九兩,征稅銀一分,每百斤給一引,應以茶三十二筒為一引,每引收稅銀三錢二分。” 以前販茶需要“茶引”,就像現在的煙草專賣證。每種商品的引所代表的重量都不同,比如據《宋史·食貨志》:“鹽引每張,領鹽116.5斤,價6貫。”所以普洱茶茶引也是官府根據具體情況做的規定。按照當時半斤八兩的計量方式,每筒49兩,32筒是1568兩,16兩為1斤,共計98斤。如果每筒是50兩,總共就是100斤,但是這樣一來每圓的重量就不是7兩這個整數了,壓餅制作的時候稱量不方便,所以規格還是98斤,茶引就干脆改成100斤整,似乎湊個整數比較舒服。

     

    清末民國后普洱茶規格

    清末民國后普洱茶規格

     

    清末民國后,七子圓茶隨華僑銷到了海外,僑銷圓茶歷史由此展開,茶餅的重量計量方式也脫離了中國傳統的“兩”,改用國際通用的“克”。當時“中茶”(中國土產畜產進出口公司)擁有全國茶葉的出口權,為了配合出口,中茶公司要求下屬茶廠生產每件30kg的普洱茶。按國際計量單位,一件是一打,也就是12筒,每筒按清朝時候的習慣是7餅,每餅為30000g/12筒/7餅=357.14286g,約等于357g。這就是普洱圓茶每餅357g的由來。

     

    現在常見的普洱茶七子餅包裝

    現在常見的普洱茶七子餅包裝

     

    問題是,為什么執著于7這個數字呢,以前是7餅1筒,改了餅的規格后,現在還是7餅1筒;以前每餅7兩,現在每餅357g,還是帶個7。

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